AAA Conference: Navigation in the Ancient Mediterranean


On Tuesday June 7, the Archaeological Association of the Algarve (AAA) will present two lectures, in English, by Graham Cross. The first conference will take place at 2:30 p.m. at the Museu do Traje de São Brás, the second at 6 p.m. at the Convento de São José de Lagoa.

Graham’s Cross

AAA Fellow Graham Cross will present a brief history of shipping in the ancient Mediterranean and touch on a number of topics. These include the expansion and exploration of the Phoenicians, developments in Greece, and the role of triremes in repelling Persian invasions. He will also talk about the Athenian maritime empire, the puzzle of precise trireme construction, and the later developments of multi-oared warships in the eastern Mediterranean. Graham will explore the maritime elements of the struggle between Rome and Carthage, trade under the Roman Empire, and the role of the navy in protecting the empire and its expansion into northern Europe.

AAA Conference: Navigation in the Ancient Mediterranean
Roman merchant

Graham Cross works as a technical and legal translator. He has always had an amateur interest in history and archaeology, having participated in the excavations of the Roman legionary fortress in Chester, UK, in the 1960s and being a member of the Chester Archaeological Society for over 40 years . Graham is also a qualified yachtmaster with an interest and hands-on experience in traditional sailing.

Non-members are welcome to attend AAA conferences for a €5 entry fee, with all money raised by the AAA used for archaeological grants and speakers.

For more information, contact, visit or Facebook ‘Algarve Archaeological Association’. Please check the website or Facebook page for any last minute changes.



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